Cocaine’s Potent Addiction

Cocaine is a potent central nervous system stimulant that is used throughout the world as a recreational drug. Cocaine comes from the leaves of the coca plant, which is grown in South America and the Caribbean. Cocaine produces euphoric effects that are very similar to that of amphetamine.

Cocaine's Potent AddictionThe high from cocaine use usually passes within 30 minutes and the user will start to experience a crash. To avoid the depressive feeling of the crash, many users choose to use more cocaine to prolong the fatigue and depression of the come down. As use increases, the body builds up a tolerance to the drug’s effects. Efforts to achieve the same high during each subsequent use can lead to an exponential increase in quantity of cocaine per use. Excessive cocaine use can lead to seizures and death from respiratory failure, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, or heart failure.

Cocaine routes of administration:

  • Snorting powder cocaine reaches the brain in three to five minutes
  • Intravenous injection of powder cocaine mixed with water reaches the brain in 15 to 30 seconds
  • Smoking crack cocaine produces an almost immediate feeling